What are Hemorrhoids?
A swollen and inflamed condition of the veins in and around the anus and lower portion of the rectum is known as hemorrhoids. Commonly known as piles, hemorrhoids in most cases are not so serious but can cause a greater level of discomfort. Some of the factors that attribute to hemorrhoids include chronic constipation, diarrhea, pregnancy, severe coughing, and anal intercourse. Hemorrhoids are of two types; internal and external. Internal hemorrhoids are formed in the rectum while external hemorrhoids are formed in the areas surrounding the anus.
Prevention is the better way to avoid the occurrence of hemorrhoids. Some of our common habits seem to be the main cause of hemorrhoids. The habits include dietary habits, toilet habits, and exercising. Diet can play a major role in the prevention of hemorrhoids. Eating a lot of processed food increases the chance of getting hemorrhoids, as there is no fiber content in those foods. This results in the difficulties in passing the stool which leads to straining on the toilet. You need to increase the intake of fibrous contents such as bran cereal, fruits, and vegetables, to prevent hemorrhoid. In addition, you need to drink more amounts of water, at least eight glasses of water per day, which helps make your stool softer and as a result reduce straining.
The next important factor in the prevention of hemorrhoids is toilet habits. Try to pass the stool sooner than waiting for it to force you, as your stool gets dry and hard with time, making it more difficult to pass. Reducing the amount of strain put on your anus is a major step forward in the prevention of hemorrhoids. To avoid straining, it is actually better for you to not sit on the toilet. Reading while performing bowel movements is also a bad toilet habit. Another essential and basic toilet habit is to wash the anus area and perform a gentle tab using a towel to make the area dry.
Exercising is the next factor that helps prevent hemorrhoids. Pressure builds up in the hemorrhoidal veins due to continuous sitting for longer periods of time. Nowadays, most of the jobs require you to be seated for longer duration together. However, you can perform certain activities to help prevent hemorrhoids, even while doing your job. To avoid unwanted rectal pressure, try to stand and walk around for 5 minutes at least once an hour. This simple exercise can help prevent hemorrhoids to a greater extent.
Symptoms of internal hemorrhoids include the stool appearing with a bright red blood covering. The toilet paper or the toilet bowl also may have the blood color. The internal hemorrhoids can protrude to the outside of the body through the anus. When the hemorrhoids are out they cause a greater level of pain and irritation. This condition is known as protruding hemorrhoid. A painful swelling or hard lumps around the anus resulting due to the formation of a blood clot are symptoms of external hemorrhoids. This condition is known as thrombosed external hemorrhoid. Some of the other common symptoms include blood in stool, rectal bleeding, blood on toilet paper, anal itching, anal swelling, anal lump, anal mucus discharge, feeling of rectal fullness, feeling of unfinished defecation, and severe rectal pain which occurs due to the strangulation of a vein.